LAC Main Seminar Series: Populism and Direct Democracy in Latin America (co-authored with Yanina Welp)
Convener: David Doyle
Speaker: Saskia P Ruth-Lovell, GIGA Hamburg
Saskia P. Ruth-Lovell is a Research Fellow in Political Science at the German Institute of Global and Area Studies in Hamburg. She holds a Diploma in Latin American Studies and a PhD in Political Science from the University of Cologne (Germany). She has been a Postdoctoral Researcher at the University of Zürich and a visiting scholar at the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) in Mexico as well as the Berlin Social Science Center (WZB). In her research she specializes in comparative politics, clientelism, populism, and Latin American studies. Saskia Ruth-Lovell has published articles in The Journal of Politics, Political Studies, Swiss Political Science Review and Latin American Politics and Society.
Abstract: This article investigates the relationship between populism in power and the expansion of mechanisms of direct democracy (MDDs) in Latin America. More specifically, we contrast different arguments in the literature as to why the introduction of new or additional MDDs is more likely under populist than non-populist presidents. On the one hand, ideational scholars trace the association between populism and direct democracy back to core elements of the populist appeal. The political-strategic approach towards populism, on the other hand, highlights the role of strategic incentives motivating populists to engage in the expansion of MDDs in their countries. We test these different rationales by means of logistic and Poisson regression analyses using a newly compiled dataset covering information on presidential terms and the presence and reform of MDDs in 18 Latin American countries from 1980 to 2017. Our results indicate that expansions of MDDs are more likely promoted by presidents using a populist appeal, however, this effect is conditioned by the degree of political support they have in the citizenry, adding a strategic calculus to the mix.