Nationalism, Military, Security and Foreign Policy
To the enduring surprise of many Liberal, Socialist or Marxist scholars, Nationalism has retained and even strengthened its central place in people's world views. Recent events such as Brexit in the UK, the election of Trump in the US, Putin in Russia, political controversies in Turkey or election of Modi in India have been explained as an assertion of new forms of nationalism. The aspirations of countries like Brazil, China and India to Great Power status sees forms of local nationalism becoming globally relevant. Nationalism is often linked to the military, such as the acquisition of nuclear weapons by Pakistan and North Korea. Nationalism can also be linked to other forms of Soft Power, in which the US has long retained a global dominance. But are the cultural icons of the twentieth century, McDonalds and Coca-Cola, being replaced by new forms of Soft Power, from India, China and South America?