Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE also known as "e-waste") is currently the fastest growing solid waste stream on the planet. Its management has been recognized as one of the major challenges of the 21st century, not only by the scientific community but also by international and national authorities, activist organizations and the multinational corporations which produce it. Yet WEEE is not only a technical or ecological problem to be managed but also deeply rooted in social relations, economic opportunities and cultural contexts.
Environmental health is an urgent global issue. Building on her long-term work on experiences of illness, since 2007 Anna began to research the extent to which Chinese villagers regard pollution as a cause of illness and with what consequences. Citizen activism against pollution has attracted the attention of the media and the government alike. Although most environmental suffering takes place far from the purview of journalists, courts and NGOs, the daily grind of “living with pollution” has received scant attention.
Healthcare provision in rural areas presents an ongoing challenge for the Chinese government. Despite the recent introduction of a cooperative healthcare scheme, many obstacles remain to the even and fair distribution of welfare. In this context, it is vital to understand how Chinese villagers themselves view health, illness and healthcare, how they explain illnesses and where they may seek help.
This project is supported by a three-year grant (2014-2017) titled 'Coalitions of the "weak": fighting pollution at China's rural-urban interface', funded by Hong Kong Research Grants Council (HK$457,168). It started in 2013 as a collaboration with Dr. Thomas Johnson (City University of Hong Kong) and Dr. Lu Jixia (China Agricultural University). We carried out an extensive documentary research, several interviews with lawyers and NGO workers, and exploratory fieldwork in three sites (Hebei, Guangdong and Sichuan). Further fieldwork took place in 2016 and 2017.
China’s urban population has grown from 172 million in 1978 to 562 million in 2005, when it reached 42.99% of the total population. According to the census in April 2011, 49.7% of Chinese was living in cities, and by now urbanites outnumber rural residents, making China a predominantly urban nation for the first time in its history. One study suggests that by 2025 350 million more people will have moved to cities, and in 2030 urban population will top 1 billion.
REES will host a new project exploring political homophobia and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender – LGBT - communities in the countries of the former Soviet Union. ‘Between Russia and Europe: Homophobic Politics and LGBT Activism in Eurasia’ will bring together global scholars and activists from the former Soviet Union to discuss in comparative and transnational perspectives the historical origins, and contemporary politics of homophobia in the region.
Since the 1980s the Institute has been responsible for the publication of two series about Japan. The Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies Series began in 1986 and now has published very nearly 100 volumes making it the largest single series of academic work on Japan anywhere in the world. Many volumes are now available in paperback editions.
The thematic research clusters aim to improve the SIAS research environment and increase the impact of research beyond academia. In particular, their goals are:
This project provides the first comparative historical analysis – local, national and transnational - of the Central African copperbelt, a globally strategic mineral region central to the history of two nation-states (Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)) and wider debates about the role of mineral wealth in development. The project is led by Dr Miles Larmer in Oxford and is funded by the ERC under the European Union's Horizon 2020 programme.